# FORMATNUMBER function

**FORMATNUMBER**(number, minimumNumberOfDecimalPlaces?, maximumNumberOfDecimalPlaces?, omitThousandsSeparators?, minimumNumberOfIntegerDigits?, useAccountingStyle?, leadingUnit?, trailingUnit?)

**FORMATNUMBER**(number; minimumNumberOfDecimalPlaces?; maximumNumberOfDecimalPlaces?; omitThousandsSeparators?; minimumNumberOfIntegerDigits?; useAccountingStyle?; leadingUnit?; trailingUnit?)

## number

The number to format.

## minimumNumberOfDecimalPlaces

The minimum number of decimal places a number should be formatted with. Must be greater than or equal to 0 and less than or equal to the maximum number of decimal places. If omitted, 2 is assumed.

## maximumNumberOfDecimalPlaces

The maximum number of decimal places a number should be formatted with. Must be greater than or equal to the minimum number of decimal places. If omitted, this parameter is set to the minimum number of decimal places.

## omitThousandsSeparators

FALSE to include thousands separators and TRUE to exclude them. If omitted, FALSE is assumed.

## minimumNumberOfIntegerDigits

The minimum number of digits the integer part should be formatted with. If this parameter is greater than the number of digits of the integer part, it is padded with zeroes, meaning that 123 formatted with a minimum of five integer digits is rendered as "00123." If omitted, one is assumed.

## useAccountingStyle

Whether negative numbers should be enclosed in parentheses instead of being preceded with a minus sign. If omitted, FALSE is assumed.

## leadingUnit

The leading unit that should precede the returned formatted number.

## trailingUnit

The trailing unit that should follow the returned formatted number.

## Returns

A formatted textual representation of a number.

Returns a number as text. FORMATNUMBER(1003.75)FORMATNUMBER(1003,75), for instance, returns "1,003.75" if the language of the app is set to US English and "1 003,75" if the language is set to German.

FORMATNUMBER takes the language of the app into account when converting numbers. For instance, a decimal point is used when the language is set to US English and a decimal comma is used when the language is set to French.

This function is specific to Calcapp.

## Decimal places

The second and third parameters are used to control the number of decimal places the number is formatted with. If only the second parameter is given, it specifies the exact number of decimal places that are used.

This formula returns "1,003.7500", using exactly four decimal places:

If a third parameter is given, the second parameter is interpreted as the minimum number of decimal places that should be used and the third parameter is interpreted as the maximum number of decimal places that should be used. FORMATNUMBER(1003, 2, 6)FORMATNUMBER(1003; 2; 6) uses between 2 and 6 decimal places. As 1003 is an integer and no decimal places are required, "1,003.00" is returned (for US English). FORMATNUMBER(1003.123456789, 2, 6)FORMATNUMBER(1003,123456789; 2; 6), on the other hand, returns "1,003.123457", because a maximum of six decimal places may be used.

## Thousands separators

The fourth parameter may be set to TRUE to prevent thousands separators from being used. FORMATNUMBER(1024.816, 2, 2, TRUE)FORMATNUMBER(1024,816; 2; 2; TRUE) returns "1024.82" (for an app set to US English), and not "1,024.82".

## Padding the number with leading zeroes

The fifth parameter, `minimumNumberOfIntegerDigits`

, may be used
to set the minimum number of integer digits. In practice, this pads the
number with leading zeroes, if necessary. FORMATNUMBER(3.75, 2, 2, TRUE,
4)FORMATNUMBER(3,75; 2; 2;
TRUE; 4), returns "0003.75".

## Accounting style

The sixth parameter, `useAccountingStyle`

, comes into play when
formatting negative numbers. In some languages, accounting style means that
negative numbers—denoting a currency amount—are formatted using parentheses.
For UK English, FORMATNUMBER(-23, 2, 2, TRUE, 1,
TRUE)FORMATNUMBER(-23; 2; 2;
TRUE; 1; TRUE) returns "(23.00)". This convention isn't used in German
and many other languages, meaning that if the app is set to German, "-23,00"
is returned.

## Leading and trailing units

The remaining parameters, `leadingUnit`

and
`trailingUnit`

, are used to specify units. "$" or "€" can be used
as leading units, for instance, and " lbs", " kg" and the like can
be used as trailing units. For a US English app, FORMATNUMBER(23, 2, 2, TRUE, 1, TRUE,
"$")FORMATNUMBER(23; 2; 2;
TRUE; 1; TRUE; "$") returns "$23.00" and FORMATNUMBER(-23, 2, 2, TRUE, 1, TRUE,
"$")FORMATNUMBER(-23; 2; 2;
TRUE; 1; TRUE; "$") returns "($23.00)".

## Related functions

- Use FORMATFRACTION to format fractions (0.75 can be formatted as "3/4").
- Use FORMATPERCENTAGE to format percentages (0.75 can be formatted as "75%").
- Use FORMATSCIENTIFIC to use scientific notation (1,500 can be formatted as "1.5E+03").
- Use FIXED to round a number to the left of the decimal separator (7,523 can be formatted as "7,500").
- Use PARSENUMBER to turn the text returned from this function back into a number.

## Examples

Returns a formatted version of the value of *Field1*, using the
default settings of FORMATNUMBER (two decimal places are used as well as
thousands separators).

Returns a formatted version of the value of *Field1*, using the
formatting settings of *Field1*.

Returns "1,003.75" if the language of the app is set to US English and "1 003,75" if the language is set to German.

Returns the array { "1,003.75", "0.21" }{ "1,003.75"; "0.21" } if the language of the app is set to US English. When invoked with an array, FORMATNUMBER is invoked once per array element and the results are collected in an array.

Returns "1,003.7500" if the language of the app is set to US English, using exactly four decimal places.

Returns "1,003.00" if the language of the app is set to US English. As both the second and the third parameter are specified, 2 is taken to mean the minimum number of decimal places that should be used, and 6 is taken to mean the maximum number of decimal places that should be used.

Returns "1,003.123457" if the language of the app is set to US English. As both the second and the third parameter are specified, 2 is taken to mean the minimum number of decimal places that should be used, and 6 is taken to mean the maximum number of decimal places that should be used.

Returns "1024.82" (for an app set to US English), and not "1,024.82". The fourth parameter prevents thousands separators from being used.

Returns "0003.75". The fifth parameter, 4, specifies the minimum number of integer digits (before the decimal separator). This pads the number with leading zeroes, if necessary.

Returns "(23.00)", with the app language set to UK English. The sixth parameter, TRUE, specifies that "accounting style" should be used for negative numbers. For some locales, this has the effect of enclosing the number in parentheses instead of using a leading minus sign.

Returns "($23.00)", with the app language set to UK English. Had the number been 23, "$23.00" would have been returned. The last parameter, "$", specifies that the leading unit should be "$".

Returns "23 lbs", with the app language set to UK English. The last parameter, "lbs", specifies that the trailing unit should be " lbs".